SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Note 2. SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the valuation allowance on the Company’s deferred tax assets, stock-based compensation, valuation of goodwill and intangible assets related to the business combination, allowance for contractual adjustments and discounts related to service revenues, and the useful lives of fixed assets.
Principles of Consolidation
The Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements reflect its financial statements, those of its wholly owned subsidiaries and certain variable interest entities where the Company is the primary beneficiary. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all the accounts of the Company, its wholly owned subsidiaries, OncoSelect® Therapeutics, LLC and PPLS, and the variable interest entity, Village Oaks Pathology Services, P.A. All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated.
In determining whether the Company is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity, it applies a qualitative approach that determines whether it has both (1) the power to direct the economically significant activities of the entity and (2) the obligation to absorb losses of, or the right to receive benefits from, the entity that could potentially be significant to that entity. The Company continuously assesses whether it is the primary beneficiary of a variable interest entity as changes to existing relationships or future transactions may result in the Company consolidating or deconsolidating one or more of its collaborators or partners.
On September 18, 2023, the Company, in connection with the Asset Purchase Agreement it entered into with Village Oaks (the Seller”) and Dr. Roby P. Joyce, M.D., dated September 18, 2023, acquired substantially all the assets and assumed certain liabilities of Village Oaks (the “Acquisition”) in exchange for total consideration of $3,500,000, which consists of: (i) $2.5 million in cash paid at closing and (ii) shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $1 million, reduced by (iii) the assumption of assumed liabilities totaling $321,000. The assets purchased included a clinical pathology laboratory regulated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (“CMS”) and accredited by the College of American Pathologists (“CAP”) and certified under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (“CLIA”) of 1988.
The Company recognized goodwill of $1,149,000 arising from the Acquisition. The Acquisition is being accounted for as a business combination in accordance with ASC 805. The Company has determined the preliminary fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the Acquisition. These values are subject to change as the Company performs additional reviews of its assumptions utilized.
The following table summarizes the purchase price and preliminary purchase price allocations relating to the Acquisition:
Goodwill represents the excess fair value after the allocation to the identifiable net assets. The calculated goodwill is not deductible for tax purposes.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For the purpose of the statement of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents are stated at cost, which approximates market value, because of the short maturity of these instruments.
Concentration of Risk
The Company has significant cash balances at financial institutions which throughout the year regularly exceed the federally insured limit of $250,000. Any loss incurred or a lack of access to such funds could have a significant adverse impact on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, and cash flow.
The Company expenses all advertising costs as incurred. Advertising expense was approximately $43,000 and $13,000 for the nine months and $10,000 and $5,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $ per share (the “Common Stock”) outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed by dividing net loss attributable to common stockholders by the sum of the weighted-average number of shares of Common Stock outstanding during the period and the weighted-average number of dilutive Common Stock equivalents outstanding during the period, using the treasury stock method. Dilutive Common Stock equivalents are comprised of in-the-money stock options, convertible notes payable, and warrants based on the average stock price for each period using the treasury stock method.
Post-acquisition of PPLS, additional revenue streams have been consolidated starting September 19, 2023. PPLS generates three sources of revenue: (1) patient service fees, (2) histology service fees, and (3) medical director fees. The revenue is recognized on the date of service (meeting the performance requirement of ASC 606). Pre-acquisition, bioAffinity’s revenue was generated in three ways for the nine months and three months ended September 30, 2023: (1) royalties from the Company’s diagnostic test, CyPath® Lung, (2) clinical flow cytometry services provided to Village Oaks related to the Company’s CyPath® Lung test, and (3) CyPath® Lung tests purchased by the U.S. Department of Defense (“DOD”) for an observational study, “Detection of Abnormal Respiratory Cell Populations in Lung Cancer Screening Patients Using the CyPath® Lung Assay (NCT05870592),” and research and development on using bronchoalveolar lavage fluid as a biological sample to assess cardiopulmonary function and exercise performance in military personnel post COVID-19 infection. The royalty income from CyPath® Lung and clinical flow cytometry services income, beginning September 19, 2023, are related-party income and, therefore, eliminated from consolidated net revenues.
To determine revenue recognition for the arrangements that the Company determines are within the scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, the Company performs the following five steps: (1) identify the contract(s) with a customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation.
Certain prior year balances have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation. The Company reclassified patent expenses and annuity costs of approximately $142,000 and $41,000 from research and development to selling, general and administrative for the nine months and three months ended September 30, 2022, respectively.
Property and Equipment
In accordance with ASC 360-10, Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets, the Company periodically reviews the carrying value of its long-lived assets, such as property, equipment, and definite lived intangible assets, to test whether current events or circumstances indicate that such carrying value may not be recoverable. When evaluating assets for potential impairment, the Company compares the carrying value of the asset to its estimated undiscounted future cash flows. If an asset’s carrying value exceeds such estimated cash flows (undiscounted and with interest charges), the Company records an impairment charge for the difference. The Company did not record any impairment for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 or fiscal year ended December 31, 2022.
Property and equipment are carried at cost, net of accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the asset. Amortization of leasehold improvements is computed using the shorter of the lease term or estimated useful life of the asset. Additions and improvements are capitalized, while repairs and maintenance are expensed as incurred. Useful lives of each asset class are as follows:
Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization, are summarized as follows as of September 30, 2023:
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, amortization of intangible assets totaled $1,943 compared to $0 in the prior year comparative periods.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Company continues to monitor new accounting pronouncements issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) and does not believe any accounting pronouncements issued through the date of this Quarterly Report will have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
The Company adopted FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) on September 18, 2023, with the business combination of Village Oaks Pathology Services, P.A. (VOPS) and Precision Pathology Laboratories Services, LLC (PPLS). The Company has one operating lease for its real estate and office space and multiple finance leases for lab equipment in Texas that was acquired through the September 18, 2023, acquisition.